PYSL Terms
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Advantage
Rule that lets play continue after a foul, if stopping the action immediately would be disadvantageous to the team that was fouled.
Back Pass
A pass made to a trailing player.
Bicycle Kick
Overhead kick, also called a scissors kick.
Checking to
Move toward your teammate who has the ball in order to receive a pass. Don't run away.
Chip
A high pass over a defender's head to a teammate, or a shot on goal from close range away from the goalie's reach.
Corner Kick
Method of restarting play after the defending team has cleared the ball over its own goal line. The ball is placed at the point where the sideline and goal line intersect, with the attacking team awarded a free kick that may be shot directly into the goal.
Dangerous Play
An action that could cause injury in the opinion of the referee. The offending team loses possession of the ball and the opponent is awarded a free kick from the point of the infraction.
Direct Free Kick
A free kick that can result in a goal without the ball being touched by another player.
Dribble
To control the ball on the ground with the feet.
End Line
Boundary lines marking the ends of the field.
Far Post
Goalpost farthest from the ball.
Field
Regulation soccer field.
Formations
4-3-3, for example, refers to four defenders, three midfielders and three forwards. Formations are listed from the defense out. Also, 4-4-2 and 3-5-2 are common. Click on Handouts for more information.
Fronting your player
Stepping in front of your player (the player you are marking) so that you can intercept the ball. Do not hide behind your player.
Give-and-go
A player making a short pass to a teammate and then receiving the return pass. (Also referred to as the "Wall Pass" or the "Double Pass".)
Heading
Using one's head to score, pass or control the ball.
Header
The act of heading a ball.
Indirect Free Kick
Free kick that can't result in a goal unless it touches another player first.
Injury Time
Time added to the end of each half to compensate for stoppages due to injuries, the scoring of a goal or time-wasting.
Midfielder
Player who functions primarily in the middle of the field, linking play between forwards and defenders.
Near Post
Goal post nearest to the ball.
Obstruction
Illegally preventing an opponent from playing the ball by blocking their path to the ball. Results in an indirect free kick.
Offside
Infraction in which an offensive player does not have at least one defensive player between his or herself and the goal line when the ball is last played forward by a member of the attacking team. Key is when the ball leaves the passer's foot.
Penalty Area
Area in front of the goal in which the goalkeeper may use their hands.
Penalty Kick
Direct free kick from 12 yards in front of the goal.
Pitch
British term for the playing field.
Red Card
Card held aloft by the referee to signify that a player is being ejected from the match.
Screening (or shielding)
When dribbling, staying between the ball and the opponent to protect the ball.
Slide Tackle
Stripping the ball from a dribbler by making contact with the ball while sliding on the turf.
Striker
Player whose main responsibility is scoring.
Sweeper
A roving defender who plays between the fullbacks and the goaltender.
Tackle
To take the ball away from an opponent by using the feet.
Through-pass (or ball)
A pass that splits a group of defenders.
Throw-in
Method of returning the ball to play after it has gone over the sideline and was last touched by an opponent.
Touchline (or sideline)
Line marking the side of the field.
Trap
To bring the ball under control with any part of the body.
Volley
Kicking the ball in or out of mid-air.
Wall
Group of defenders standing shoulder-to-shoulder to defend a free kick, usually near the goal.
Yellow card
Card held aloft by the referee to warn a player that any further misconduct will cause their ejection from the game.